Also in the distance can be seen a range of the Yorkshire hills. The miners at Lime Piece Pit got the same amount each but only 6tons was ‘spent at hiring’. Chadwick Green is partly in Winstanley and partly in Billinge. The population of Winstanley, scattered over 1852 acres, was fairly static. More recently, a badly leaking roof and rampant rot have taken their toll on the old Hall and the outbuildings have not fared much better. The pony died in 1841, aged 36, and was buried near to the Hall. These figures are taken from the Borough Census Reports. In 1595, a goldsmith and banker, James Bankes, bought the Hall, which then remained in that family until quite recently. The hall was built in the 1560s for the Winstanley family of Winstanley; the Winstanley family were lords of the manor since at least 1252 and may have been responsible for building the moat on the site. D Anderson The Orrell Coalfield, Lancashire 1740-1850, J Bankes The Early Years of the Bankes Family at Winstanley, J Bankes Historical Notes on the Bankes Family, I have made use of the Archive Department of the ‘Wigan History Shop’. William Bankes (1709 – 75) inherited the Estate in 1748 from his brother Robert. What went on? Transportation of coal on private railways was obviously a matter of general interest in the early part of the 19th century. This had yielded £31,832 in royalties for the Bankes family. In 1929 the pier was no longer needed, it was demolished by Calderbanks and the metal work sent for scrap. Meyrick Bankes snr died in 1827 at Cromwell House, Old Brompton Road, London and. James Bankes died in 1617; he was buried in Wigan Parish Church on August 5th of that year. Winstanley Estate is situated on the edge of a hill with a commanding distant view of Wigan, Haigh Hall and Rivington Pike. The ‘Court of James Bankes’ heard mainly minor cases; the majority being of ‘Unlawful Gaming’. In 1615 the Winstanley Manor Courts were held at the ‘Bare Ring Ale House’ at the Windy Arbour crossroads, opposite the stocks and whipping post. The estates farm’s main crops at the time were oats, potatoes, hay and wheat. Along with his agent, Thomas Tebay, Meyrick Bankes took the first steps towards building his own railway in 1836. The accounts also show that the Moorhey Pit produced 33 – 73 tons of coal per week with a face output of 44 – 60 cwt per man per shift, and the Lime Piece Pit produced 24 – 90 tons per week with a face output of 40 – 60 cwt per man per shift. The ‘fire coal’ was worth about three weeks wages to the miners and apart from the coal, 2s - 6d was paid to each miner when he was hired. A statement of coal worked up to April 1846 shows that 102 acres 3 roods 40 square yards had been worked under the 1812 lease. At this time he owned about a quarter of the land in all five townships. [3][4] Originally built for the Winstanley family, the building is one of only three Tudor buildings in the Borough.[2]. Billinge is about one mile and a half south and Holland church or priory the same distance northwest. It stated: There are six dirty, nasty cottages that should come down, twelve dirty cottages, eighteen small cottages with one small bedroom, twenty-six with two or more bedrooms and thirteen good comfortable cottages. If the buildings become too hazardous, Wigan Borough Council could order the owners to carry out basic repairs or issue a compulsory purchase order and buy the Hall. A property with a moat and only one crossing point was a lot easier to defend by household staff or a small group of soldiers. When Sir Thomas Winstanley died in 1562 he had made provision in his will for the profits from the Winstanley Colliery, the sum of twenty pounds, to be paid to his wife and to be used for the benefit of his children. Also being grown on the estate were clover, beans, peas and turnips. Extra blocks were added in t… The interior is now in some disrepair. When the estate was sold in 1595 the list of tenants included ‘William Barton of the coal pits’. There were also many feuds between neighbouring families, leading to attacks and the looting of properties.

The Winstanley family held the Manor of Winstanley from at least the year 1252. Here wound the Leeds and Liverpool canal with its convenient Wallgate basin. In 1842, it is indicated by account book entries that the total length of rail, approximately three and a half miles from No 4 pit to Wigan pier head, was completed in 1845. The cottages have two quite large buildings, about 30ft by 10ft, and 20ft by 10ft in their back garden area. In 1788 the Bankes family erected a stone building with a pyramid style roof on top of Billinge Hill, to be used as a summerhouse for Winstanley Hall. Shortly afterwards the estate’s mason’s wife hanged herself at the straw yard and quite soon after this, Thomas Shortrede shot himself.

The fact that Meyrick Bankes’ railway ended at Wallgate basin on the Leeds and Liverpool Canal at Wigan is not conclusive proof that the railway terminus was Wigan Pier, but it is reasonable to suppose that it was so. Limitations have also been placed on redevelopment by the building’s Grade Two listed status. In 1856 Meyrick Bankes sank the Winstanley No 5 pit at Windy Arbour. The statement also shows that £1000 was paid to the Bankes as compensation for ‘wagon roads, coal pit brows, roads and other trespass, the land not being made arable as required by the lease. [1] The final additions to the hall were made in 1843 when an extra wing was added. h��X�R�H��yܭi�榩JQE TLBR�ȠĖ�� &_��G��M�&�`k$ͥ�t�9=rFD�Y!�� ���%"�R8/T�$�(�H��b!��U�8B�D���s#��N$V���ꄎ�I"����m##|$t��^��V�/G�a���flيH��ܤ�I�۩Ҋ_�vb�/�Tl[ݧ]^�%[�o�1Z��-���Ge��Ugt�ݦ�lR�� ��Z����ŧ�˳�ඪln��~��2g�†e���ͱ�F7��BRgK���8�Ρ��GQL'w�l� ���}s�Zw~���!��{�l��l|Sq1f����nhC�w�묠a6��K�L_�QIe� #��eh(�巸g���W�9:YC[��Z�M;�Iڥ=�4�BX���@�H zK:�t*���.�K��Q���r!#G��O*��!�E#SE7tK_hBw�UH�诛���Y��[#���薗yq\�w��B`bj�ý`���R�:!��L8�%�’���|�F�)�/�{��_�}�կ `PlLB�W ��wB{t. [1] Extra blocks were added in the 17th and 18th centuries. This would not be in keeping with its Grade Two Listed status. There are neither public houses nor schools within its boundaries, though access is easy to the neighbouring townships.

As you probably know the Winstanley family built the present hall in 1560 before selling the estate to James Banks in 1596. The rise from 1801 to 1821 may be due to increased coal production during the war with France and the increased industrialisation of the Wigan area. It was a basket winding pit and went down to two of the best coal seams in the area, the Orrell 4ft and the Orrell 5ft. This happened at Michaelmas, when they were hired or rehired. was succeeded in turn by his son, also called Meyrick (1811 – 1881). A pier head, well placed for canal transport, had already attracted colliery proprietors and the possession of a coal wharf was deemed to be extremely desirable. In that year, Mr. E Stanley, a Liverpool surveyor, produced a plan and section for a railway from Winstanley to Wigan on his behalf. No one seemed to know or, more likely, no one was saying. The focal point for activity was a small area of land between Wallgate and the River Douglas. Mrs Shortrede, wife of the estate agent Thomas Shortrede, was found drowned in a well in Winstanley Park on 10th August 1880. The Banks family have, over the years, add to the original hall and kept it …

[7][2] It has been reported that the new owner intended to develop the hall into private flats, and that refurbishment was held up due to problems with planning permission, although it has also been reported that no application for planning permission has been submitted.[5][7]. Historic England have the hall on the Heritage at Risk register listing it in 2019 as in very bad condition and in the highest category of risk of further deterioration. To the south, on lands belonging to the hall, is a small stone building which was used to house bears that provided entertainment for the hall's guests.

The picture of the ‘Upper Row’ of cottages shows what they were like in the late 1800s. There was a communal well in the front garden of 140. [6] The Winstanley Family also owned the Braunstone Hall estate in Leicestershire. The area backs onto ‘New Houses Farm’, which was probably built at the same time as the ‘Rows’. The train carrying coal to Wigan, made up of six to eight wagons, was operated by two brakemen. Winstanley Hall, Wigan, Lancashire There was probably a manor house of the eponymous Winstanley family here from the 13th century, for there is a moated site in the park which is likely to have been the location of a high status dwelling. Also in the distance can be seen a range of the Yorkshire hills.

The Bankes family also owned estates in Yorkshire and in Scotland. On Good Friday, which was a holiday, the men and lads each received 3d. A few strange things happened at Winstanley Hall. But we will certainly look at proposals to save it. 59 0 obj <> endobj 74 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<49F303917FA0A4AB67A4C87A37B8EE60><49496D34D9904CEEAE9B4A5C71B09413>]/Index[59 33]/Info 58 0 R/Length 83/Prev 600739/Root 60 0 R/Size 92/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream The Hall recently appeared on the ‘English Heritage’ list of buildings at risk.

In 1834 – 1835 Meyrick Bankes made a survey of the properties that belonged to him in Winstanley, Orrell, Pemberton, Billinge and UpHrolland. It is mostly occupied by the Park of Meyrick Bankes Esquire, whose residence, Winstanley Hall, is within it. The plans are in abeyance at the time of writing because planning permission has been refused on the grounds that the size of the ground floor rooms could not be altered and the redevelopment would change the appearance of the Hall too much. By the 1840s the railway line, the pier and Stone House Colliery had all been acquired by Meyrick Bankes. His south-facing front still remains with two projecting wings and a recessed centre stepped back in two stages. This can be clearly seen starting at the Winstanley Collieries and ending at ‘Bankes Pier’ on the Leeds and Liverpool Canal. He says: Winstanley Hall is pleasantly situated on a hill with commanding distant views. Hopefully it will remain intact and not be developed too much. The row shown was demolished a few years ago.

Her eldest son, Thomas Holme, was William Bankes’ cousin and he inherited the Winstanley estate on the latter’s death in 1800. Each wagon had a door at the front ready to run on to the tippler and a long handled brake fitted with a wooden shoe. Meyrick Bankes spent a lot of the money he earned from his collieries on remodelling and extending Winstanley Hall. h�bbd``b`:$A��`*A�^ ��HH�q� �f�� n���2 HLRf`bd8d100R��ϸ�#@� `�( endstream endobj startxref 0 %%EOF 91 0 obj <>stream Further and extensive alterations were made in 1811-19 by Lewis Wyatt in a Jacobean style. The Winstanleys owned the hall until 1596, when the estate was sold to James Bankes, a London goldsmith and banker. In addition there were two horse wagons with their accompanying horsemen in readiness for pulling the empties back up the line. The Bankes family retained ownership of the hall until the 21st century when it was sold for private development. The railway’s final route was from Winstanley Colliery to Winstanley No 3 Colliery then on to Clapgate Pit, down to Stonehouse Colliery and finally to the canal. In that year the Winstanley Colliery was valued at over two hundred pounds. Originally, the areas of Billinge and Winstanley were combined as one manor in the Barony of Makerfield. The gravestone can still be seen there today. Mr Bankes had a feasibility study carried out on the property which stated that up to five million pounds would be required to renovate and convert the Hall and its outbuildings into apartments. As the building decayed and the cost of maintaining Winstanley Hall was too much for the family, and was sold on in 2000 with 10 acres of land. Rock-faced stone with slate roof. Vast quantities of coal are raised in the district, which is very populous.

The UpHolland and Orrell Collieries of the Holme family, and those at Winstanley belonging to the Bankes family, all came under the ownership of the one family. The chief commercial activities of the estate as listed in 1595 were agriculture, coalmining, nailmaking and domestic weaving.

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